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Niu, H. S., Hsu, F. L., Liu, I. M., and Cheng, J. T. Increase of beta-endorphin secretion by syringin, an active principle of Eleutherococcus senticosus, to produce antihyperglycemic action in type 1-like diabetic rats. Horm.Metab Res 2007;39(12):894-898. View abstract.

Niu, H. S., Liu, I. M., Cheng, J. T., Lin, C. L., and Hsu, F. L. Hypoglycemic effect of syringin from Eleutherococcus senticosus in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Planta Med 2008;74(2):109-113. View abstract.

Novozhilov, G. N. and Sil'chenko, K. K. [Mechanism of adaptogenic effect of Eleutherococcus on the human body during thermal stress]. Fiziol.Cheloveka 1985;11(2):303-306. View abstract.

Oates, L. Siberian ginseng: Eleutherococcus senticosus. J Complement Med 2008;7(4):44-47.

Oh SY, Aryal DK, Kim Y-G, and Kim H-G. Effects of R. glutinosa and E. senticosus on postmenopausal osteoporosis. Korean J Physiol Pharmacol 2007;11(3):121-127.

Olalde, J. A., Magarici, M., Amendola, F., del, Castillo O., Gonzalez, S., and Muhammad, A. Clinical outcomes of diabetic foot management with Circulat. Phytother.Res 2008;22(10):1292-1298. View abstract.

Panossian, A. and Wagner, H. Stimulating effect of adaptogens: an overview with particular reference to their efficacy following single dose administration. Phytother Res 2005;19(10):819-838. View abstract.

Panossian, A. and Wikman, G. Evidence-based efficacy of adaptogens in fatigue, and molecular mechanisms related to their stress-protective activity. Curr Clin Pharmacol. 2009;4(3):198-219. View abstract.

Panossian, A., Davtyan, T., Gukassyan, N., Gukasova, G., Mamikonyan, G., Gabrielian, E., and Wikman, G. Effect of andrographolide and Kan Jang--fixed combination of extract SHA-10 and extract SHE-3--on proliferation of human lymphocytes, production of cytokines and immune activation markers in the whole blood cells culture. Phytomedicine. 2002;9(7):598-605. View abstract.

Park, E. J., Nan, J. X., Zhao, Y. Z., Lee, S. H., Kim, Y. H., Nam, J. B., Lee, J. J., and Sohn, D. H. Water-soluble polysaccharide from Eleutherococcus senticosus stems attenuates fulminant hepatic failure induced by D-galactosamine and lipopolysaccharide in mice. Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol 2004;94(6):298-304. View abstract.

Park, S. H., Kim, S. K., Shin, I. H., Kim, H. G., and Choe, J. Y. Effects of AIF on Knee Osteoarthritis Patients: Double-blind, Randomized Placebo-controlled Study. Korean J Physiol Pharmacol. 2009;13(1):33-37. View abstract.

Pearce, P. T., Zois, I., Wynne, K. N., and Funder, J. W. Panax ginseng and Eleuthrococcus senticosus extracts--in vitro studies on binding to steroid receptors. Endocrinol.Jpn. 1982;29(5):567-573. View abstract.

Perfect, M. M., Bourne, N., Ebel, C., and Rosenthal, S. L. Use of complementary and alternative medicine for the treatment of genital herpes. Herpes. 2005;12(2):38-41. View abstract.

Plowman, S. A. K. Dustman H. Walicek C. Corless and G. Ehlers. The effects of ENDUROX on the physiological responses to stair-stepping exercise. Res.Q.Exerc.Sport. 1999;70:385-388.

Poindexter, B. J., Allison, A. W., Bick, R. J., and Dasgupta, A. Ginseng: Cardiotonic in adult rat cardiomyocytes, cardiotoxic in neonatal rat cardiomyocytes. Life Sci 11-17-2006;79(25):2337-2344. View abstract.

Provalova, N. V., Skurikhin, E. G., Pershina, O. V., Minakova, M. Y., Suslov, N. I., and Dygai, A. M. Possible mechanisms underlying the effect of natural preparations on erythropoiesis under conditions of conflict situation. Bull.Exp Biol Med 2003;136(2):165-169. View abstract.

Provalova, N. V., Skurikhin, E. G., Pershina, O. V., Suslov, N. I., Minakova, M. Y., Dygai, A. M., and Gol'dberg, E. D. Mechanisms underling the effects of adaptogens on erythropoiesis during paradoxical sleep deprivation. Bull.Exp Biol Med 2002;133(5):428-432. View abstract.

Provalova, N. V., Skurikhin, E. G., Suslov, N. I., Dygai, A. M., and Gol'dberg, E. D. Effects of adaptogens on granulocytopoiesis during paradoxical sleep deprivation. Bull.Exp Biol Med 2002;133(3):261-264. View abstract.

Provino, R. The role of adaptogens in stress management. Australian Journal of Medical Herbalism 2010;22(2):41-49.

Raman, P., Dewitt, D. L., and Nair, M. G. Lipid peroxidation and cyclooxygenase enzyme inhibitory activities of acidic aqueous extracts of some dietary supplements. Phytother.Res 2008;22(2):204-212. View abstract.

Rasmussen, P. Phytotherapy in an influenza pandemic. Australian Journal of Medical Herbalism 2009;21(2):32-37.

Rhéaume, K. Adapting to stress. Alive: Canada's Natural Health & Wellness Magazine 2007;298:56-57.

Rhim, Y. T., Kim, H., Yoon, S. J., Kim, S. S., Chang, H. K., Lee, T. H., Lee, H. H., Shin, M. C., Shin, M. S., and Kim, C. J. Effect of Acanthopanax senticosus on 5-hydroxytryptamine synthesis and tryptophan hydroxylase expression in the dorsal raphe of exercised rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 10-8-2007;114(1):38-43. View abstract.

Richter, R, Hanssen, H. P, Koenig, W. A, and Koch, A. Essential oil composition of Eleutherococcus senticosus (Rupr. et Maxim.) Maxim roots. Journal of Essential Oil Research 2007;19(3):209-210.

Rogala, E., Skopinska-Rozewska, E., Sawicka, T., Sommer, E., Prosinska, J., and Drozd, J. The influence of Eleuterococcus senticosus on cellular and humoral immunological response of mice. Pol.J Vet.Sci. 2003;6(3 Suppl):37-39. View abstract.

Row, K. H and Yan, H. Isolation of acanthoside-D from Acanthopanax senticosus using supercritical fluid extraction. Asian Journal of Chemistry Sahibabad: Asian Journal of Chemistry 2008;20(6):4875-4882.

Roxas, M. and Jurenka, J. Colds and influenza: a review of diagnosis and conventional, botanical, and nutritional considerations. Altern.Med Rev. 2007;12(1):25-48. View abstract.

Schmolz, M. W., Sacher, F., and Aicher, B. The synthesis of Rantes, G-CSF, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-12 and IL-13 in human whole-blood cultures is modulated by an extract from Eleutherococcus senticosus L. roots. Phytother.Res 2001;15(3):268-270. View abstract.

Seo, J. W., Jeong, J. H., Shin, C. G., Lo, S. C., Han, S. S., Yu, K. W., Harada, E., Han, J. Y., and Choi, Y. E. Overexpression of squalene synthase in Eleutherococcus senticosus increases phytosterol and triterpene accumulation. Phytochemistry 2005;66(8):869-877. View abstract.

Shakhova, E. G., Spasov, A. A., Ostrovskii, O. V., Konovalova, I. V., Chernikov, M. V., and Mel'nikova, G. I. [Effectiveness of using the drug Kan-Yang in children with acute respiratory viral infection (clinico-functional data)]. Vestn.Otorinolaringol. 2003;(3):48-50. View abstract.

Shao, J, Di LiuQing, and Xie Xin. Determination of Chlorogenic acid and Hyperoside in leaves of acanthopanax senticosus produced in different areas by HPLC. Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine Beijing: Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine 2009;16(10):41-43.

Shohael, A. M, Hahn, E. J, and Paek, K. Y. Somatic embryogenesis and secondary metabolite production through bioreactor culture of Siberian ginseng (Eleutherococcus senticosus). Acta Horticulturae 2007;764:181-185.

Smalinskiene, A., Lesauskaite, V., Zitkevicius, V., Savickiene, N., Savickas, A., Ryselis, S., Sadauskiene, I., and Ivanov, L. Estimation of the combined effect of Eleutherococcus senticosus extract and cadmium on liver cells. Ann N Y Acad Sci 2009;1171:314-320. View abstract.

Smith, M. and Boon, H. S. Counseling cancer patients about herbal medicine. Patient.Educ.Couns. 1999;38(2):109-120. View abstract.

Sohn, S. H, Jang, I. S, Moon, Y. S., Kim, Y. J, Lee, S. H, Ko, Y. H, Kang, S. Y, and Kang, H. K. Effect of dietary Siberian ginseng and Eucommia on broiler performance, serum biochemical profiles and telomere length. Korean Journal of Poultry Science 2008;35(3):283-290.

Soya, H., Deocaris, C. C., Yamaguchi, K., Ohiwa, N., Saito, T., Nishijima, T., Kato, M., Tateoka, M., Matsui, T., Okamoto, M., and Fujikawa, T. Extract from Acanthopanax senticosus harms (Siberian ginseng) activates NTS and SON/PVN in the rat brain. Biosci.Biotechnol.Biochem 2008;72(9):2476-2480. View abstract.

Steinmann, G. G., Esperester, A., and Joller, P. Immunopharmacological in vitro effects of Eleutherococcus senticosus extracts. Arzneimittelforschung. 2001;51(1):76-83. View abstract.

Sun, H., Lv, H., Zhang, Y., Meng, X., Sui, J., Wang, X., and Bi, K. HPLC method for preliminary analysis of constituents in rat blood after oral administration of the extract of Acanthopanax senticosus. J Sep.Sci 2007;30(18):3120-3126. View abstract.

Sun, H., Lv, H., Zhang, Y., Wang, X., Bi, K., and Cao, H. A rapid and sensitive UPLC-ESI MS method for analysis of isofraxidin, a natural antistress compound, and its metabolites in rat plasma. J Sep.Sci 2007;30(18):3202-3206. View abstract.

Sun, H., Lv, H., Zhang, Y., Wang, X., Bi, K., and Cao, H. Pharmacokinetics of isofraxidin in rat plasma after oral administration of the extract of Acanthopanax senticosus using HPLC with solid phase extraction method. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) 2007;55(9):1291-1295. View abstract.

Sun, W. J. [Determination of syringin in Acanthopanax senticosus by HPLC]. Zhong.Yao Tong.Bao. 1986;11(4):42-3, 40. View abstract.

Tohda, C., Ichimura, M., Bai, Y., Tanaka, K., Zhu, S., and Komatsu, K. Inhibitory effects of Eleutherococcus senticosus extracts on amyloid beta(25-35)-induced neuritic atrophy and synaptic loss. J Pharmacol.Sci 2008;107(3):329-339. View abstract.


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