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Lachowicz, K. J., Jones, G. P., Briggs, D. R., Bienvenu, F. E., Wan, J., Wilcock, A., and Coventry, M. J. The synergistic preservative effects of the essential oils of sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) against acid-tolerant food microflora. Lett.Appl.Microbiol. 1998;26(3):209-214. View abstract.

Lado, C., Then, M., Varga, I., Szoke, E., and Szentmihalyi, K. Antioxidant property of volatile oils determined by the ferric reducing ability. Z.Naturforsch.C 2004;59(5-6):354-358. View abstract.

Lam, S., MacAulay, C., Le Riche, J. C., Dyachkova, Y., Coldman, A., Guillaud, M., Hawk, E., Christen, M. O., and Gazdar, A. F. A randomized phase IIb trial of anethole dithiolethione in smokers with bronchial dysplasia. J Natl.Cancer Inst. 7-3-2002;94(13):1001-1009. View abstract.

Lapenna, S. and Dinan, L. HPLC and TLC characterisation of ecdysteroid alkyl ethers. J Chromatogr.B Analyt.Technol.Biomed.Life Sci 10-1-2009;877(27):2996-3002. View abstract.

Launoy, G., Milan, C., Day, N. E., Faivre, J., Pienkowski, P., and Gignoux, M. Oesophageal cancer in France: potential importance of hot alcoholic drinks. Int J Cancer 6-11-1997;71(6):917-923. View abstract.

Leclerc, A., Brugere, J., Luce, D., Point, D., and Guenel, P. Type of alcoholic beverage and cancer of the upper respiratory and digestive tract. Eur.J Cancer Clin Oncol. 1987;23(5):529-534. View abstract.

Lee, H. S. Acaricidal activity of constituents identified in Foeniculum vulgare fruit oil against Dermatophagoides spp. (Acari: Pyroglyphidae). J Agric.Food Chem. 5-19-2004;52(10):2887-2889. View abstract.

Lee, H. S. Food protective effect of acaricidal components isolated from anise seeds against the stored food mite, Tyrophagus putrescentiae (Schrank). J Food Prot. 2005;68(6):1208-1210. View abstract.

LORA-TAMAYO, N. Addition of maleic anhudride to anethole. Nature 12-18-1948;162(4129):969. View abstract.

Lubet, R. A., Steele, V. E., Eto, I., Juliana, M. M., Kelloff, G. J., and Grubbs, C. J. Chemopreventive efficacy of anethole trithione, N-acetyl-L-cysteine, miconazole and phenethylisothiocyanate in the DMBA-induced rat mammary cancer model. Int J Cancer 7-3-1997;72(1):95-101. View abstract.

Lucas, F. and Sclafani, A. Carbohydrate-conditioned odor preferences in rats. Behav.Neurosci. 1995;109(3):446-454. View abstract.

Marero, L. M., Homma, S., Aida, K., and Fujimaki, M. Changes in the tocopherol and unsaturated fatty acid constituents of spices after pasteurization with superheated steam. J Nutr.Sci.Vitaminol.(Tokyo) 1986;32(1):131-136. View abstract.

Marotta, F., Barreto, R., Kawakita, S., Minelli, E., Pavasuthipaisit, K., Lorenzetti, A., Nishiwaki, M., Gelosa, F., Fesce, E., and Okura, R. Preventive strategy for Candida gut translocation during ischemia-reperfusion injury supervening on protein-calorie malnutrition. Chin J Dig.Dis. 2006;7(1):33-38. View abstract.

Marshall, A. D. and Caldwell, J. Influence of modulators of epoxide metabolism on the cytotoxicity of trans-anethole in freshly isolated rat hepatocytes. Food Chem.Toxicol. 1992;30(6):467-473. View abstract.

Marshall, A. D. and Caldwell, J. Lack of influence of modulators of epoxide metabolism on the genotoxicity of trans-anethole in freshly isolated rat hepatocytes assessed with the unscheduled DNA synthesis assay. Food Chem.Toxicol. 1996;34(4):337-345. View abstract.

Massari, P., Bonmarchand, G., Canet, E., and Droy, J. M. [Exogenous hypermineralocorticism, responsible for severe hypokalemia. Complications of the consumption of an alcohol-free anise aperitif]. Presse Med 1-15-1983;12(2):105. View abstract.

Menichini, F., Tundis, R., Loizzo, M. R., Bonesi, M., Marrelli, M., Statti, G. A., Menichini, F., and Conforti, F. Acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase inhibition of ethanolic extract and monoterpenes from Pimpinella anisoides V Brig. (Apiaceae). Fitoterapia 2009;80(5):297-300. View abstract.

Metugriachuk, Y., Kuroi, O., Pavasuthipaisit, K., Tsuchiya, J., Minelli, E., Okura, R., Fesce, E., and Marotta, F. In view of an optimal gut antifungal therapeutic strategy: an in vitro susceptibility and toxicity study testing a novel phyto-compound. Chin J Dig.Dis. 2005;6(2):98-103. View abstract.

Miething H. Content of anethole in aqueous preparations of Anisi fructus. Pharmazeutische Zeitung (Germany) 1987;132:1081-1082.

Miller, E. C., Swanson, A. B., Phillips, D. H., Fletcher, T. L., Liem, A., and Miller, J. A. Structure-activity studies of the carcinogenicities in the mouse and rat of some naturally occurring and synthetic alkenylbenzene derivatives related to safrole and estragole. Cancer Res 1983;43(3):1124-1134. View abstract.

Moharram, A. M., Abdel-Mallek, A. Y., and Abdel-Hafez, A. I. Mycoflora of anise and fennel seeds in Egypt. J Basic Microbiol. 1989;29(7):427-435. View abstract.

Molet, M., Chittka, L., and Raine, N. E. How floral odours are learned inside the bumblebee (Bombus terrestris) nest. Naturwissenschaften 2009;96(2):213-219. View abstract.

Morse, M. A., Kresty, L. A., and Toburen, A. L. Inhibition of metabolism of 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone by dietary benzaldehydes. Cancer Lett. 11-6-1995;97(2):255-261. View abstract.

Moutsatsou, A., Chalarakis, E., and Zarangas, G. Influence of raw materials and distillation equipment on the heavy metal content of waste from an alcoholic anis-type beverage. J Hazard.Mater. 1-3-2003;96(1):53-64. View abstract.

Muller, L., Kasper, P., Muller-Tegethoff, K., and Petr, T. The genotoxic potential in vitro and in vivo of the allyl benzene etheric oils estragole, basil oil and trans-anethole. Mutat.Res 1994;325(4):129-136. View abstract.

Muller-Limmroth, W. and Frohlich, H. H. [Effect of various phytotherapeutic expectorants on mucociliary transport]. Fortschr Med 1-24-1980;98(3):95-101. View abstract.

Murcia, M. A., Egea, I., Romojaro, F., Parras, P., Jimenez, A. M., and Martinez-Tome, M. Antioxidant evaluation in dessert spices compared with common food additives. Influence of irradiation procedure. J Agric.Food Chem. 4-7-2004;52(7):1872-1881. View abstract.

Nagano, T. and Takeyama, M. Enhancement of salivary secretion and neuropeptide (substance P, alpha-calcitonin gene-related peptide) levels in saliva by chronic anethole trithione treatment. J Pharm.Pharmacol. 2001;53(12):1697-1702. View abstract.

Nakagawa, Y. and Suzuki, T. Cytotoxic and xenoestrogenic effects via biotransformation of trans-anethole on isolated rat hepatocytes and cultured MCF-7 human breast cancer cells. Biochem.Pharmacol. 7-1-2003;66(1):63-73. View abstract.

Nakajima, J., Papaah, P., Yoshizawa, M., Marotta, F., Nakajima, T., Mihara, S., and Minelli, E. Effect of a novel phyto-compound on mucosal candidiasis: further evidence from an ex vivo study. J Dig.Dis. 2007;8(1):48-51. View abstract.

Narasimha BGV and et al. In vitro antimicrobial efficiency of some essential oils. Flavour Ind. 1970;1:725-729.

Negussie, B. [Observations on internationalization]. Jordemodern. 1989;102(3):88-90. View abstract.

Newberne, P. M., Carlton, W. W., and Brown, W. R. Histopathological evaluation of proliferative liver lesions in rats fed trans-anethole in chronic studies. Food Chem.Toxicol. 1989;27(1):21-26. View abstract.

Newberne, P., Smith, R. L., Doull, J., Goodman, J. I., Munro, I. C., Portoghese, P. S., Wagner, B. M., Weil, C. S., Woods, L. A., Adams, T. B., Lucas, C. D., and Ford, R. A. The FEMA GRAS assessment of trans-anethole used as a flavouring substance. Flavour and Extract Manufacturer's Association. Food Chem Toxicol 1999;37(7):789-811. View abstract.

Nickavar, B. and Abolhasani, F. A. Screening of antioxidant properties of seven Umbelliferae fruits from Iran. Pak.J Pharm.Sci 2009;22(1):30-35. View abstract.

Nicolaidis, S. Prenatal imprinting of postnatal specific appetites and feeding behavior. Metabolism 2008;57 Suppl 2:S22-S26. View abstract.

Nitoda, T., Fan, M. D., and Kubo, I. Anisaldehyde, a melanogenesis potentiator. Z.Naturforsch.C 2007;62(1-2):143-149. View abstract.

No authors listed. Anise -- for licorice, and beyond. Nutrition Health Review: The Consumer's Medical Journal (NUTR HEALTH REV) 2007;99(16):539-556.

Nobrega, S. and Francenely, N. [Aniseed and its galactogenous effect (an experimental study)]. Rev Bras.Enferm. 1983;36(2):163-177. View abstract.

Nokata, M., Katoh, M., Inishi, S., and Sugimoto, T. [Protective effect of malotilate (diisopropyl 1,3-dithiol-2-ylidenemalonate) on chemical-induced hepatotoxicity]. J Toxicol.Sci 1986;11(3):225-236. View abstract.

Odunola, O. A. Comparative effects of some local food condiments on sodium arsenite-induced clastogenicity. Afr.J Med Med Sci. 2003;32(1):75-80. View abstract.

Ohta, T., Watanabe, M., Watanabe, K., Shirasu, Y., and Kada, T. Inhibitory effects of flavourings on mutagenesis induced by chemicals in bacteria. Food Chem.Toxicol. 1986;24(1):51-54. View abstract.

Oka, Y., Nacar, S., Putievsky, E., Ravid, U., Yaniv, Z., and Spiegel, Y. Nematicidal activity of essential oils and their components against the root-knot nematode. Phytopathology 2000;90(7):710-715. View abstract.

Oostindjer, M., Bolhuis, J. E., van den, Brand H., Roura, E., and Kemp, B. Prenatal flavor exposure affects growth, health and behavior of newly weaned piglets. Physiol Behav. 4-19-2010;99(5):579-586. View abstract.

Orav, A., Raal, A., and Arak, E. Essential oil composition of Pimpinella anisum L. fruits from various European countries. Nat.Prod.Res 2-15-2008;22(3):227-232. View abstract.

Orhan, I., Kartal, M., Kan, Y., and Sener, B. Activity of essential oils and individual components against acetyl- and butyrylcholinesterase. Z.Naturforsch.C. 2008;63(7-8):547-553. View abstract.

Osman YA and et al. Antimicrobial Effect of Some Essential Oils Mixtures. Journal of Applied Sciences Research 2009;5(9):1265-1276.

Ozcan, M. Effect of spice hydrosols on the growth of Aspergillus parasiticus NRRL 2999 strain. J Med.Food 2005;8(2):275-278. View abstract.

Pedersen-Bjergaard, S. and Rasmussen, K. E. Liquid-phase microextraction utilising plant oils as intermediate extraction medium--towards elimination of synthetic organic solvents in sample preparation. J Sep.Sci 2004;27(17-18):1511-1516. View abstract.

Pennarun, A. L., Prost, C., Haure, J., and Demaimay, M. Comparison of two microalgal diets. 2. Influence on odorant composition and organoleptic qualities of raw oysters (Crassostrea gigas). J Agric.Food Chem. 3-26-2003;51(7):2011-2018. View abstract.

Pestemer, W. and Mann, W. [Herbicide residues in some herbs (author's transl)]. Z.Lebensm.Unters.Forsch. 1980;171(4):272-277. View abstract.

Phillips, D. H., Reddy, M. V., and Randerath, K. 32P-post-labelling analysis of DNA adducts formed in the livers of animals treated with safrole, estragole and other naturally-occurring alkenylbenzenes. II. Newborn male B6C3F1 mice. Carcinogenesis 1984;5(12):1623-1628. View abstract.

Picon, P. D., Picon, R. V., Costa, A. F., Sander, G. B., Amaral, K. M., Aboy, A. L., and Henriques, A. T. Randomized clinical trial of a phytotherapic compound containing Pimpinella anisum, Foeniculum vulgare, Sambucus nigra, and Cassia augustifolia for chronic constipation. BMC.Complement Altern.Med. 2010;10:17. View abstract.

Piette, A. M., Bauer, D., and Chapman, A. [Major hypokalemia with rhabdomyolysis secondary to the intake of a nonalcoholic aniseed aperitif]. Ann.Med Interne (Paris) 1984;135(4):296-298. View abstract.

Pina-Perez, M. C., Silva-Angulo, A. B., Muguerza-Marquinez, B., Aliaga, D. R., and Lopez, A. M. Synergistic effect of high hydrostatic pressure and natural antimicrobials on inactivation kinetics of Bacillus cereus in a liquid whole egg and skim milk mixed beverage. Foodborne.Pathog.Dis. 2009;6(6):649-656. View abstract.

Poon, T. S. and Freeman, S. Cheilitis caused by contact allergy to anethole in spearmint flavoured toothpaste. Australas.J Dermatol. 2006;47(4):300-301. View abstract.

Pouzaud, F., Christen, M. O., Warnet, J. M., and Rat, P. [Anethole dithiolethione: an antioxidant agent against tenotoxicity induced by fluoroquinolones]. Pathol.Biol.(Paris) 2004;52(6):308-313. View abstract.

Prabuseenivasan, S., Jayakumar, M., and Ignacimuthu, S. In vitro antibacterial activity of some plant essential oils. BMC.Complement Altern.Med 2006;6:39. View abstract.

Prajapati, V., Tripathi, A. K., Aggarwal, K. K., and Khanuja, S. P. Insecticidal, repellent and oviposition-deterrent activity of selected essential oils against Anopheles stephensi, Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus. Bioresour.Technol. 2005;96(16):1749-1757. View abstract.

Rabsch, W., Prager, R., Koch, J., Stark, K., Roggentin, P., Bockemuhl, J., Beckmann, G., Stark, R., Siegl, W., Ammon, A., and Tschape, H. Molecular epidemiology of Salmonella enterica serovar Agona: characterization of a diffuse outbreak caused by aniseed-fennel-caraway infusion. Epidemiol.Infect. 2005;133(5):837-844. View abstract.

Randerath, K., Haglund, R. E., Phillips, D. H., and Reddy, M. V. 32P-post-labelling analysis of DNA adducts formed in the livers of animals treated with safrole, estragole and other naturally-occurring alkenylbenzenes. I. Adult female CD-1 mice. Carcinogenesis 1984;5(12):1613-1622. View abstract.

Reddy, B. S. Chemoprevention of colon cancer by minor dietary constituents and their synthetic analogues. Prev.Med 1996;25(1):48-50. View abstract.

Abdel-Fatah MK and et al. Antimicrobial activities of some local medicinal plants. Journal of Drug Research (Egypt) 2002;24:179-186.


Source: http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-582-ANISE.aspx?activeIngredientId=582&activeIngredientName=ANISE


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